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Amazon Indigenous people

The Brazil Amazon rainforest was not a completely untouched area before Europeans arrived in the sixteenth century. Considerable complex sedentary societies existed in the Amazon before, clearing areas for agriculture, producing pottery and managing forests to maximize its use and distribution of species. The population crash happened with the Europeans’ arrival, when the Amerindians were reduced in about 90 percent.

More than 350 indigenous and ethnic groups lived in the Brazil Amazon for millenniums, having similar cultural aspects but diverse at the same time. There are hundreds of different languages and dialects (some are already lost) and all sorts of indigenous dance, music, rituals, games and food. As far as there were many different groups, there were also different forms of organization, clothing, agriculture, transportation, fishing and hunting techniques and natural medicine developments.

In Brazil there are still hundreds of indigenous tribes, approximately 26% of the Amazon is set as indigenous reserves. The higher concentration is in the northwest region, where 22 ethnic groups are spread on their own territories (also Colombia and Venezuela). Another important area in the country is the Alto Xingu, in the northeast of Mato Grosso state, where 14 ethnic groups are gathered in one enormous reserve (Parque Indígena do Xingu).





Brazil Amazon products

Some of the most famous products from the Amazon are the natural rubber (or latex); the Brazil-nut; fruits like the guaraná, açaí and cupuaçu; artistic indigenous craftworks (like pottery and baskets), wood and medicinal plants. Here, you’ll find a way to discover all this products: by an Amazon travel.

Amazon Myths and legends

Brazil Amazon Natives keep on with some legends, like the “cobra grande” (big snake) which can entirely swallow small canoes and the “boto” (pink dolphin) turning into a human to seduce man and woman to take them to the deep waters from the rivers.


The caboclo culture

Caboclos are the local native people from the Amazon today, generally living in communities on the river margins. Even affected and influenced by some urban conveniences, they still make a live from the natural resources, planting (roots, vegetables and fruits), fishing, gathering and hunting.

The caboclo people formation comes from the mixture of the indigenous population with the “white” non-indigenous people who came into the Amazon. The Brazilian rubber boom was an important period on this construction, as many Brazilians from the northeast were invited (and deceived) to come deep inside the forest to the sap extraction from the Seringueira tree for rubber production.

The Brazil Amazon rainforest stills support these communities as their living depends on the forest sustainability.


Amazon Nature Wildlife People & Culture Lodges Accomodation Maps & Areas Transport Options Conservation
  • Eco Tours

  • Sport Fishing

  • Bird Watching

  • Adventure Tours

  • Photography Travel

  • Culture & Traditions

  • Family Trips

  • Pantanal

  • Bonito

  • Iguassu Falls

GOPAN - Group of Tour Operators MS
Recanto Barra Mansa Lodge